Hypersensitivities in Children: Is it Sensory Processing Disorder?
How to Tell if Your Highly Sensitive Child is Suffering from Sensory Integration Dysfunction.
Hypersensitive children often overreact to sounds, feelings, and other experiences that make them feel uncomfortable. Many parents worry that their hypersensitive children have sensory processing disorders that need professional intervention.
Highly Sensitive Child vs Sensory Processing Disorder
Having a highly sensitive child does not necessarily mean that you have a child with a sensory processing disorder, also known as sensory integration dysfunction. Many children are highly sensitive to specific types of stimuli such as loud noises, background noise and other people's emotions. A highly sensitive child may also want to avoid crowds, fear unexpected touches, or dislike playing games.
Having a few of these sensitivities may suggest that a child has a sensory processing disorder, but it could also mean that the child simply has a few noticeable quirks.
When Quirks Become Disorders
Those quirks and sensitivities do not become signs of a sensory processing disorder until they start having serious consequences in the child's normal, daily life.
A child who cringes at the sound of a flushing toilet is certainly hypersensitive, but he or she probably does not have a sensory processing disorder unless there is a drastic response, such as making loud noises to cover the sound or dropping to the floor with hands pressed tightly against the ears.
Distinguishing Sensitivity From Disorder
It isn't always easy to distinguish hypersensitivity from actual disorders, but knowing how to recognize some signs may help you see the difference. Highly sensitive children often react to certain stimuli such as:
Encountering a trigger will make them uncomfortable. They may even act out in unhealthy ways that make hypersensitivity look similar to some disorders.
When the child's trigger is not present, though, he or she will seem normal. Disorders usually express themselves consistently. They are often daily barriers that make normal life extremely difficult. Hypersensitivity, although a life-changing experience, is not as disruptive.
You may also distinguish hypersensitivity from an actual disorder by how the child responds to treatment. Hypersensitive people can often manage the condition by:
Choosing situations that don't include triggers
Taking a pause to reflect on stressful situations
Using headphones to block out troublesome sounds
Knowing their limits
Meditating or praying regularly
Getting enough sleep, or even taking a nap before a stimulating situation
If these simple techniques work, the child almost certainly has a hypersensitivity instead of a disorder. In addition, Sensory Processing Disorders may also include issues balance, motor control, or body-spatial awareness.
Help for Sensory Processing Disorder
The earlier you identify a sensory processing disorder and start treatment, the easier it is for children and families to learn effective coping strategies that can make life much easier. If your child is merely annoyed by overstimulation, then you probably do not have a serious condition on your hands. If the hypersensitivity becomes a significant barrier to normal life, it is important to consider a comprehensive assessment so you can get to the root of the issues.
If your child struggles with processing sensory input or is already considered to have a processing disorder, contact us online or find a center near you to learn more about how the Brain Balance Program can help.
Contact us today to schedule an assessment. You can also view the research and results of the program on the website.