Learning disorders may affect as many as 1 in 5 people in the United States and can not only inhibit a person's ability to learn and communicate effectively, but can also directly impact a person's self-esteem. Learning disorders include Dyslexia, Dysgraphia, Dyscalculia, and Dyspraxia. Find below a description of these learning disorders and possible signs and symptoms:
Dyslexia is a reading disorder characterized by difficulty recognizing letters, learning letter sounds, and identifying rhyming words. Young children with the disorder may also experience delayed language development and have trouble learning to spell and write as they reach school age. Read much more on Dyslexia here.
Dysgraphia is a learning disability characterized by distorted and incorrect handwriting as well as issues with fine motor skills. Symptoms include problems learning to tie shoes, zip a jacket, write legibly (i.e. can't form letters properly), and avoiding coloring or other fine motor activities that most kids enjoy. Some children with Dysgraphia have strong verbal skills to compensate for their writing issues and are often good readers. Because little is known about the disorder, it can often be misdiagnosed as Dyslexia or Dyscalculia.
Dyscalculia is a disorder characterized by problems with learning fundamentals that include one or more basic numerical skills. Often people with this condition can understand very complex mathematical concepts but have difficulty processing formulas or basic addition and subtraction. A person with the disorder may struggle with visual-spatial relationships or processing what he or she hears.
Dyspraxia, also called Apraxia, is a condition characterized by a significant difficulty in carrying out routine tasks involving balance, fine-motor control, and kinesthetic coordination. Signs of the disorder in early childhood include not reaching developmental milestones on time as well as clumsy and uncoordinated movements. Verbal Dyspraxia describes a difficulty in the use of speech sounds, which may be the result of a developmental delay in the speech production area of the brain. Verbal Dyspraxia may appear as a stand alone disorder or accompany Dyspraxia.